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New historicists promote the idea that history is not closed or final, as traditional historians would claim, but is found in acts of interpretation that can negotiate new readings of the textual traces of the past.The approach of new historicism argues that a work of literature does not exist devoid of its conditions or circumstances.
Modern literary criticism is often informed by literary theory, which is the philosophical discussion of its methods and goals.
Though the two activities are closely related, literary critics are not always, and have not always been, theorists.
In this light, literary works are as much a product of the author's mindset as well as the conditions that surround it.
The historical and social context of the author is almost as important as anything else in assessing the construction of the literary work.
In Archetypal Literary Criticism, archetypes have the concept that cultures, folk- stories, and common mythical beings all play a part in a text's significance.
Carl Jung, a psychoanalyst, came up with the concept of archetypes while analyzing the human mind, and distributing dreams.New historicists suggest that as history is always interpreted and written in other words, but a practice bound up with the historian’s interpretative subjectivity.The historian’s own social and cultural context results in potential biases that new historicists argue will be reflected in writings that record history.The reason for this is that they must do with the realization of a region of the character which has not yet come to existence but is still in the process of becoming"(Jung 467). Literary criticism is the study, discussion, evaluation, and interpretation of literature."Criticism can be simplified into two broad categories: evaluative and interpretive" (Gardner 1287).The criticism relies on Literary Theory, that consists of ideas that help interpret, and analyze literature.In this light, New Historicism is based off of the contingent, stressing its role in the development of literature. I think that Salman Rushdie's Midnight's Children are a fine example, because only through understanding how the experience of Partition, homelands that exist in the subjective, and the idea of displacement in Rushdie's own life can the full magnitude of the novel be explored.The works of Nadine Gordimer are another example of how the New Historicist approach can yield greater insight into the work. These critics focus on revealing the historically specific model of truth and authority reflected in a given work.Historical criticism examines both the time period within the story and the time period in which the story was written.