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The transitions weave together your argument as you present the case for your proposed study.
The organization is often referred to as a funnel in which the discrete pieces of information are funneled from higher-level concepts to the specific studies upon which your own research is based.
For example, if the topic of the literature review is altruism in children, then you might develop sections on the definitions of altruism, theories of altruism, the biological basis of altruism, the benefits of altruism, and at the bottom of the funnel you might synthesize the themes found in the key sources upon which your study is based and identify the gaps in the knowledge about altruism in children that you will address in your proposed research study.
Whether you choose a chronological or thematic structure, as you begin to write the sections of your review, remember that the transitions you use will indicate to your readers your perspective on the material.
Good transitions connect ideas and paragraphs and help readers understand how ideas work together, reference one another, agree or disagree, and build on one another.
In the next blog, you will learn how to present the ideas of others in your literature review as you guide your reader through the text.
A literature review surveys books, scholarly articles, and any other sources relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory, and by so doing, provides a description, summary, and critical evaluation of these works in relation to the research problem being investigated.
Likewise, in the literature review, the categories and concepts or themes you use to organize your evidence help the reader evaluate your argument.
There are two primary ways to organize and structure a literature review: .
The way a lawyer organizes evidence is crucial to how well the jury understands the argument and moves from one piece of evidence to the next.
Obviously a lawyer chooses which piece of evidence to present first, and chooses the next piece of evidence based on the previous evidence and what the jury needs to understand to evaluate the next piece.