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The structure of the work reflects this cyclic arrangement.
He worked on it from the time of Clement IV (after 1265) until the end of his life.
When he died, he had reached Question 90 of Part III (on the subject of penance).
The arguments from authority, or sed contra arguments, are almost entirely based on citations from these authors.
Some were called by special names: The structure of the Summa Theologiae is meant to reflect the cyclic nature of the cosmos, in the sense of the emission and return of the Many from and to the One in Platonism, cast in terms of Christian theology: The procession of the material universe from divine essence, the culmination of creation in man, and the motion of man back towards God by way of Christ and the Sacraments.
Questions, in turn, are subdivided into 3,125 Articles.
"Questions" are specific topics of discussion, while their articles are even more specific questions, facets of the parent question.
For example, Part I, Question 2, "The Existence of God" is divided into three articles: "Whether the existence of God is self-evident?
", "Whether it can be demonstrated that God exists? " Additionally, questions on a broader theme are grouped into Treatises, though the category of treatise is reported differently, depending on the source.
The following is from the New Schaff–Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge (a public-domain work): St.
Thomas's greatest work was the Summa, and it is the fullest presentation of his views.