Structure Of Paragraphs In Writing Essays

Structure Of Paragraphs In Writing Essays-52
THUS ALMOST EVERY TYPE OF ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION YET DISCOVERED HAS BEEN USED TO EXTEND OUR SENSE OF SIGHT IN SOME WAY.George Harrison, “Faith and the Scientist”In a coherent paragraph, each sentence relates clearly to the topic sentence or controlling idea, but there is more to coherence than this.

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Each part of the paragraph plays an important role in communicating your meaning to your reader.

Introduction: the first section of a paragraph; should include the topic sentence and any other sentences at the beginning of the paragraph that give background information or provide a transition.

A well-organized paragraph supports or develops a single controlling idea, which is expressed in a sentence called the topic sentence.

A topic sentence has several important functions: it substantiates or supports an essay’s thesis statement; it unifies the content of a paragraph and directs the order of the sentences; and it advises the reader of the subject to be discussed and how the paragraph will discuss it.

Along with the smooth flow of sentences, a paragraph’s coherence may also be related to its length.

If you have written a very long paragraph, one that fills a double-spaced typed page, for example, you should check it carefully to see if it should start a new paragraph where the original paragraph wanders from its controlling idea.

Most paragraphs in an essay have a three-part structure—introduction, body, and conclusion.

You can see this structure in paragraphs whether they are narrating, describing, comparing, contrasting, or analyzing information.

For example, you might be able to omit a topic sentence in a paragraph that narrates a series of events, if a paragraph continues developing an idea that you introduced (with a topic sentence) in the previous paragraph, or if all the sentences and details in a paragraph clearly refer—perhaps indirectly—to a main point.

The vast majority of your paragraphs, however, should have a topic sentence.


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