In Europe, Article 2 of the First Protocol to the European Convention on Human Rights, adopted in 1950, obliges all signatory parties to guarantee the right to education Since World War II, developed and many developing countries have increased the participation of the age group who mostly studies higher education from the elite rate, of up to 15 per cent, to the mass rate of 16 to 50 per cent.
In many developed countries, participation in higher education has continued to increase towards universal or, what Trow later called, open access, where over half of the relevant age group participate in higher education.
It represents levels 6, 7 and 8 of the 2011 version of the International Standard Classification of Education structure.
Tertiary education at non-degree level is sometimes referred to as further education or continuing education as distinct from higher education.
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This journal aims to: provide a vehicle for scholarly presentation and exchange of information between professionals, researchers and practitioners in the technology-enhanced education field; contribute to the advancement of scientific knowledge regarding the use of technology and computers in higher education; and inform readers about the latest developments in the application of information technologies (ITs) in higher education learning, training, research and management.
Food, nutrition and the online: Opportunities and challenges for higher education and life long learning Edited by: F.
Xavier Medina, Alicia Aguilar, Ana Pinto Moura, Jesús Frias and José Antonio Vázquez Date first published: Technology Enhanced Learning or Learning driven by Technology?
The philosopher Julian Nida-Rümelin criticized discrepancies between Humboldt's ideals and the contemporary European education policy, which narrowly understands education as a preparation for the labor market, and argued that we need to decide between Mc Kinsey and Humboldt.
The general higher education and training that takes place in a university, college, or Institute of technology usually includes significant theoretical and abstract elements, as well as applied aspects (although limited offerings of internships or SURF programs attempt to provide practical applications).