Chapter 3 validates survey measures for the six key economic preferences - risk taking, time discounting, trust, altruism, positive and negative reciprocity - by assessing their (joint) explanatory power in explaining behavior in incentivized choice experiments.
This results in a preference module consisting of two items per preference - one typically being a hypothetical version of the incentivized experiment and the other one being a subjective self-assessment.
The selection committee will assess the applicant’s need for working in multiple repositories, working abroad, or both.
In the administration and awarding of fellowships, neither CLIR nor the selection committee discriminates on the basis of age, gender or gender identity, race, ethnicity, physical disability, marital status, sexual orientation, religion, citizenship or immigration status, or political affiliation.
Next, we adjust the module by reducing complexity and excluding culturally loaded wording to allow implementability across heterogeneous participants, e.g.
in terms of cultural or educational background, and across survey modes.
Chapter 4 shows that the variation in preferences across countries as documented in Falk, Becker, Dohmen, Enke, Hu man, and Sunde (2015) has deep cultural origins.
Chapter 1 attends to what is often called a non-standard preference: a preference for truth-telling per se.2 We implement a truth-telling experiment, in which misreporting cannot be detected and participants have a strong monetary incentive to misreport, with a representative population sample which we call at home.
Chapter one shows that a preference for truth-telling per se is even more prevalent than previous research suggests.
Chapter 2 investigates the relationship between economic preferences and psychological personality measures and arrives at the conclusion that the degree of association between the two concepts is rather small and that they are complementary in explaining heterogeneity in life outcomes.