According to the approved renewable energy policy, the Government of Bangladesh (GOB) is devoted to facilitating investment in both public and private sectors in renewable energy projects to substitute contemporaneous non-renewable energy resources and to escalate the contributions of renewable energy based electricity generation. Abu Bakr Siddique, The Prospect of Renewable Energy Resources in Bangladesh: A Study to Achieve the National Power Demand, Energy and Power, Vol. In Bangladesh there are many natural resources such as coal, gas and petroleum.
A plan has been initiated by the GOB to generate 5% of the total energy from renewable energy resources within 2015 and 20% by the year 2020. The main source of energy in Bangladesh is natural gas (24%) which is likely to be depleted by the year 2020 .
However, for the near future, renewable energy will remain annexed to the current energy genesis by non-renewable conventional means.
Still, renewable energy will play an important role reaching consumers outside the national grid or in places where grid connection is delayed.
The new target of renewable energy would be 10% of the total electricity generation in 2021 and would increase to 20% percent by 2030.
Initiatives have been taken to produce 30 MW power from renewable energy from Dhaka, 60 MW from Rangunia, 3 MW from Sharishabari, 55 MW from Gangachhara, 200 MW from Mymensingh, 20 MW from Cox’s Bazar and 200 MW from Sun Edition Solar project at Teknaf.
Daily solar radiation is 4-6.5 k Wh/m² and maximum radiation is generally received in the months of March-April and minimum in December-January.
Hence, solar energy can be a viable solution for the power crisis in Bangladesh .
At present, total electricity generation capacity is 15,351 MW as of February 2017 (ES in Bangladesh) and this energy sector is increasing day by day. The government and non-government organizations are working both independently and jointly to promulgate renewable energy technologies (RET) throughout the nation as reported in the extant literature.
To meet the cumulative demand of electricity coal, gas, diesel, etc. Therefore, prospective planning and comprehensive understanding of this dynamic field require continuous assessment.