The external economic environment of Goldman Sachs is characterized as very turbulent and heterogeneous.
The investment industry was at the verge of its failure due to subprime mortgages.
If the organizational structure had been bureaucratic it would have become almost very difficult for the company to bring the executives from every department together and come on some solution.
Further, in a long hierarchy, the individuals are less aware and informed of the affairs of the other department.
The Investment Banking segment provides financial advisory services, including strategic advisory assignments related to mergers and acquisitions, divestitures, corporate defense activities, restructurings, spin-offs, and risk management; and underwriting services, such as debt and equity underwriting of public offerings and private placements of various securities and other financial instruments, as well as derivative transactions with public and private sector clients.
Author Research Paper - Goldman Sachs Research Paper
The Institutional Client Services segment is involved in client execution activities related to making markets in cash and derivative instruments for interest rate products, credit products, mortgages, currencies, commodities, and equities; and provision of securities services comprising financing, securities lending, and other brokerage services, as well as the marketing and clearing of client transactions on various stock, options, and futures exchanges.
The Investing & Lending segment invests in and originates longer-term loans; and makes investments in debt securities and loans, public and private equity securities, and infrastructure and real estate entities, as well as provides unsecured and secured loans through its digital platforms.
The Investment Management segment offers investment management services; and wealth advisory services consisting of portfolio management, financial planning and counseling, and brokerage and other transaction services.
That enables the employees to timely respond and get updated on the changes occurring.
Further, the employees are motivated as everyone has access to the company’s ongoing movements.