Essays On The Northwest Rebellion Of 1885

Riel [gave himself up] a few days after Batoche, and later in that summer, on July 2, Big Bear surrendered. In the autumn of 1885, Riel and some of the other leaders of the rebellion were tried at Regina on charges of high treason, and were found guilty.Riel was hanged in the Police Barracks at Regina in November, 1885, though there were many who believed that he should properly have been confined instead to a lunatic asylum.Middleton was held up by the half-breeds at Fish creek, on the South Saskatchewan, but after a delay he resumed his march, and on May 12 he defeated the main body of Riel's [Métis] at Batoche.

He accepted their invitation; and for a time devoted himself to attempting to obtain the redress of the Métis' grievances by constitutional means.

But gradually he became [more erratic and extreme]; and in the spring he set up a provisional government at Batoche, on the South Saskatchewan.

They saw white settlers coming into the country, and in some cases receiving title to parts of their farms; and they became [agitated and worried].

Representations were made on their behalf to the Canadian government; [there is disagreement among historians as to the appropriateness of the response of the Canadian government.

In truth, the Riel hanging was only the first in a series of events (school issues, imperialism, conscription, etc.) that eventually led Henri Bourassa to write that French Canadians were bound to come to think that Quebec was their only country since they had no rights anywhere else in Canada.] [Both federally and provincially, the people of Quebec began to turn away from the Conservative Party, the party of Macdonald, the party of the "pendards" (the hangers).

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Increasingly they turned to the Liberal Party that chose Wilfrid Laurier, a French Canadian from Quebec, as its leader (1887).The North West Mounted Police were forced to abandon first Fort Carlton and later Fort Pitt ; and the whites in the Saskatchewan valley were forced to take refuge within the stockades at Battleford.The news of the Duck Lake disaster roused the Canadian government to action.The defeat of Riel epitomized the last defeat of Natives in preserving their way of life in the West.Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.Some hold that] with an obtuseness which it is difficult to understand, the government ignored these representations [while others, especially Thomas Flanagan, argue that the federal government was responding appropriately and in a timely manner].In 1884 the Métis on the Saskatchewan sent a delegation to Louis Riel, who was teaching school in Montana, to come up and help them.The main force detrained at Qu'Appelle , and pushed north-west toward Batoche.A second column, under Colonel Otter, proceeded north from Swift Current to the relief of Battleford; and a third column, under General Strange, marched north from Calgary to Edmonton. After being checked by a band of Crees under Poundmaker at Cutknife creek, he succeeded in relieving Battleford.But Sir John Macdonald was determined that he should pay the price for the mad folly of his second armed outbreak."He shall die," Macdonald exclaimed, with unwonted fierceness, "though every dog in Quebec bark in his favour." [The hanging of Louis Riel had deep repercussions on Canada.In Quebec, it triggered a nationalist wave that brought Honoré Mercier to power.


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