This is no small achievement, considering that only two decades separated the beginning of the second world war from the end of the first.
These past 70 years of peace at the global level have been a time of momentous change for Japanese society.
Japan’s per capita GDP grew from 23% of Britain’s and 30% of America’s in 1870 to 42% of Britain’s and 41% of America’s on the eve of the Pacific War. Indeed, in terms of per capita GDP, the war sent the modern Japanese economy back to square one, erasing virtually all the gains it had made since the end of the nineteenth century. The devastated Japanese economy rose quickly from the ashes of World War II.
By 1956, real per capita GDP had overtaken the prewar 1940 level.
• The Government of Modern Japan: The Branches and Their Functions An audio/visual unit on Emperor Hirohito (1901-1989), who was the emperor of Japan from 1926 to 1989. Skip to any topic in this unit: HISTORY OF THE JAPANESE PARLIAMENT THE PARLIAMENT AFTER THE SECOND WORLD WAR THE ROLE OF THE DIET IN POLICYMAKING • The Role of the Opposition Party • The Diet's Selection of the Prime Minister BICAMERAL LEGISLATURE: • The Lower House • The Upper House (House of Councillors) • Relative Powers of the Two Houses ••• Political Strategy for Election to a House An audio/visual unit on the role of political factions in Japanese politics, covering the role of factions within political parties, the various coalitions among the factions, politicians' various allegiances to factions, and the declining importance of factions in Japan's political culture.
He chose to designate his reign with the term "Showa" (Enlightened Peace), and he is sometimes referred to as the Emperor Showa. An audio/visual unit on the role of the prime minister in Japanese politics, covering the process by which they are elected, the leadership styles of past Japanese prime ministers, and the reasons for their relatively limited power. Skip to any topic in this unit: THE SOCIAL PRESTIGE OF THE BUREAUCRATIC ELITE • Civil Servants and Senior Bureaucrats • Becoming an Elite Bureaucrat ••• Japan’s “Horatio Alger” Myth • Origins of Bureaucrats’ Social Prestige ••• Tradition of Bureaucratic Power • Retirement: Amakudari (“Descent from Heaven”) THE MINISTRIES: MINISTRY OF FINANCE (MOF) • Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) BUREAUCRATIC POWER • Stability and Power • Calls for Reform ••• Corruption Scandals (1990s) ••• Economic Policies (1990s) THE MYTH OF “JAPAN, INC.” An audio/visual overview of the Japanese "Diet" or parliament, covering the post-WWII development of this system, its leadership, its powers, and functions. That was the last year of the so-called rapid-growth era, but the Japanese economy continued to expand at a comparatively brisk rate for almost two more decades.By 1991—the last year of the “bubble economy”—Japan’s per capita GDP was 120% that of Britain and 85% that of the United States.People's Republic of China "Hundred Flowers" Period Land Reform, Socialized Agriculture, The Great Leap Forward Cultural Revolution Socialism and Democracy after Mao Zedong Tiananmen Square Demonstrations Religion in China Today Political System since 1949 Foreign Policy U. personnel are assigned throughout the islands of Honshu and Kyushu. Includes a suggested classroom activity for students.S.-China Relations Population Trends Autobiographies about Life in China after 1949 Graphic Arts Korean War and the Division of Korea Korea in the 21st Century Christianity Postwar South Korea Kim Dae-Jung Kim Ilsông and North Korea Security on the Korean Peninsula Korean Immigrants in the U. Political Satire A teaching unit with an essay outlining Japan's political and economic transformation under the American Occupation, with discussion questions, a supplementary reading list for student reports, and additional student activities. military to maintain bases on Japanese soil, have been at the center of controversy both in Japan and the United States. military and civilian personnel, the majority of whom live in central Okinawa. • Examining the Japanese History Textbook Controversies "This lesson uses well-know editorials, speeches, and poems to explore the Japanese reaction to the Bubble Economy and Lost Decade." • Understanding the Japanese Economy (Research Exercises for Students) Eight exercises that ask students to use the internet to research specific aspects of Japan's economy and trade.The wide disparity in per capita income between Japan and the industrial West reflected a gap between the technologies supporting the Japanese economy and the world’s frontier technologies.For Japan, this signified a high potential for rapid growth through the adoption of those advanced technologies.During the recovery period (1945–56), per capita GDP rose at an average annual rate of 7.1%.Recovery was followed by the era of rapid growth era.As the graph reveals, Japan began closing in on the West once again, and at a speed far exceeding its prewar progress.In 1973, Japan’s per capita GDP was 95% that of Britain and 69% that of the United States.