Joseph Joffre, The French Commander in Chief, wrote a letter to Douglas Haig on December The British launched The Battle of the Somme to achieve two objectives.
Joseph Joffre, The French Commander in Chief, wrote a letter to Douglas Haig on December 15, 1915, stating a great battle would need to take place in order to save the French Army from the massive killing taking place in the Battle of Verdun.
He was a hard person to get to know and seemed to have no concern for the human suffering caused by the war.
His colleagues found him strange because of his spiritual practices and religious beliefs.
General Rawlinson The attack was preceded by an eight-day preliminary bombardment of the German lines, beginning on Saturday 24 June.
Essay On The Battle Of The Somme
The expectation was that the ferocity of the bombardment would entirely destroy all forward German defences, enabling the attacking British troops to practically walk across No Man's Land and take possession of the German front lines from the battered and dazed German troops.1,500 British guns, together with a similar number of French guns, were employed in the bombardment.Following the artillery bombardment, it was determined that a creeping barrage would precede the advancing infantry to the German front line, and onwards to the second and third trench lines.Haig meticulous preparations progressed slowly, much to Joffre's irritation.Haig intended to fashion the attack using the ideas of both himself and General Rawlinson, whose Fourth army was to spearhead the assault.The Germans were secured by concrete bunkers, ten metres underground.The Germans realised that when the British would stop the Bombardment They would move up and charge to their position.The Battle of Somme was won by a victory of either side. By the end of 1st July 1916, 20,000 British soldiers were killed the other 40,000 soldiers were wounded or captured as prisoners.By the end of August, 23,000 AIF soldiers were wounded or killed at the Somme Battlefields.The head of the French Army, General Fock, and some leading British commanders did not believe this battle would help, but political masters in London and Paris supported the campaign.For many years The Battle of the Somme received much criticism for the way the battle was fought based on the number of casualties.