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The most important role of information technology in a commercial business, however, is to provide a commercial advantage.Advances such as computer aided design, relational database technologies, spreadsheets, and word processing software all provide a commercial benefit to the business, as does automation of manufacturing processes .
The first definition is of “information technology”.
Information technology is the technology used to store, manipulate, distribute or create information.
The use of information technology to monitor a business performance can also enable the business to highlight areas where they are not making the most use of their resources.
The use of information technologies can also increase the businesses income through advertising in the various available forums .
Advances in Database technology for example have enabled the governments of various countries to collate and monitor statistical information that they can use to combat fraud and manage the economy in a more informed way .
Information Technology also has a major impact on the defence capabilities of governments.
A doctor now sitting in any part of the world could perform a surgery where the patient is lying in another part of the world.
These simple examples show where we stand today compared to what it was half a century back.
Information Technology has also had a major impact on a government’s intelligence agencies.
Encryption of sensitive information has enabled governments to obtain added security.