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Mangroves are one of the world's most biodiverse ecosystems and play an essential role to ecological balance and community livelihoods.
It seeks to guarantee employment to at least one person in a rural household living below the poverty line. Swaranjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana, launched in April 1999, is a new scheme for rural development.
The budget for the year 1995-96 was again a village- oriented one,’ in which many gifts were given to the rural masses.
It is now increasingly being felt that no planning can be successful unless more and more attention is paid to rural development schemes and poverty alleviation programmes.
Therefore, many new schemes to ameliorate the conditions of the rural population are being launched, and the old ones are being completed expeditiously.
The funds for this programme are shared 50: 50 between the Centre and the states.
In case of the Union Territories, complete financial assistance is provided by the Centre.
These schemes and programmes specifically aim at generating additional gainful employment opportunities, creation of durable community assets and improvement of overall quality of life in the rural areas.
To improve the lot of landless labourers, the Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Programme (RLEGP) was launched in 1984.
IRDP was first launched in 1978-79 in 2,300 blocks and was extended to cover all the 5,011 blocks of the country from October 2, 1980.
The scheme, meant to improve the social and economic condition of the poorest of the rural poor, is being evaluated through research conducted by independent and government institutions. However, about 78% of the families had incremental income.