With respect to many contemporary issues, the nation-state no longer appears to be the most suitable level of decision making.
As governance structures are established at the global level to deal with the growing number of global problems, conflicts have also emerged as to how to make international organizations more accountable and democratic.
Many social movements and NGOs seek to give ideas of human rights, environmental protection and the like equal footing with economic efficiency.
One might divide them into those who seek a fundamental restructuring of the global system and those who want to reform the existing system.
There is also a lack of consensus as to whether or not globalization is a useful concept to portray current events. While most conceptions focus on different aspects of growing interdependence be it economic, cultural, technological, and the like, at a basic level globalization refers to growing interconnectedness.
Some certainly do reject the notion that we have entered a fundamentally new era. There are many, however, who see globalization as a genuine restructuring of social organization.
One important discussion surrounds whether the nation-state is obsolete as the best form of political organization. The Revenge of God : the Resurgence of Islam, Christianity and Judaism in the modern world.
Economic and social processes increasingly cross borders making it increasingly difficult for states to control their territory, a central component of sovereignty. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press.; Naipaul, V.
By Eric Brahm July 2005 Globalization is perhaps the central concept of our age.
Yet, a single definition of globalization does not exist either among academics or in everyday conversation.