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You will also need to put forward a reasoned argument, which will help develop your thinking skills, particularly as verbal debate proceeds at a more rapid pace than writing or reading, which are mostly solitary activities.
Remember, too, that you have extra ‘data’ in the form of body language – does the latter fit in with what they are saying, or are you noticing contradictory signals, for example, a raised eyebrow?
The studies themselves may not present valid evidence and need to be seen against other trends, such as the need to ensure full male employment after the war, the rise of feminism, and women’s desire for choice over whether or not they work. Does the author have a particular agenda, revealed (as in the case of a particular view of research, see above) or hidden (for example, particular reasons, political or other, for arguing a case)?
Does the evidence really lead to the conclusions offered or might there be other explanations (see the example in 4 above). Development in thinking requires a gradual process requiring plateaus of learning and just plain hard work. Figure out, for example, what sorts of things you are going to have to do to solve it. As long as we take our thinking for granted, we don’t do the work required for improvement. 2) Study the problem to make clear the “kind” of problem you are dealing with.As we explain the strategy, we will describe it as if we were talking directly to such a person. 7) Adopt a strategic approach to the problem and follow through on that strategy.Further details to our descriptions may need to be added for those who know little about critical thinking. This may involve direct action or a carefully thought-through wait-and-see strategy. What would you do differently if you could re-live the situation? Choose one intellectual trait---intellectual perseverance, autonomy, empathy, courage, humility, etc.--- to strive for each month, focusing on how you can develop that trait in yourself.The essential traits of a critical thinker require an extended period of development. How can we help ourselves and our students to practice better thinking in everyday life? 3) Figure out the information you need and actively seek that information. Recognize explicitly your limitations as far as money, time, and power.First, we must understand that there are stages required for development as a critical thinker: Stage One: The Unreflective Thinker (we are unaware of significant problems in our thinking) Stage Two: The Challenged Thinker (we become aware of problems in our thinking) Stage Three: The Beginning Thinker (we try to improve but without regular practice) Stage Four: The Practicing Thinker (we recognize the necessity of regular practice) Stage Five: The Advanced Thinker (we advance in accordance with our practice) Stage Six: The Master Thinker (skilled & insightful thinking become second nature to us) In this article, we will explain 9 strategies that any motivated person can use to develop as a thinker. 4) Carefully analyze and interpret the information you collect, drawing what reasonable inferences you can. 6) Evaluate your options, taking into account their advantages and disadvantages in the situation you are in.However, listen out in yourself and other people for inconsistencies and contradictions; if you are in a seminar, notice how ideas are ‘developed’ through dialogue, how your ideas fit in or contradict with those of others, etc.Be as prepared to ask questions as you are to listen, for example if someone offers a point of view about a particular author or text, don’t be afraid to challenge them to substantiate their claim.Much has been written elsewhere on this site about the writing process, so we will only make brief reference here.Planning is the key: if you organize your ideas carefully in your plan, you will be clearer what you have to write.