Deontology is thus a theory of moral obligation, and it encompasses moral theories that emphasize a person's rights and duties.The term was coined by Jeremy Bentham in 1814, and he believed that deontology was a way to marshall self-interested reasons for agents to act for the general good, but Bentham believed that following a strict moral code of behavior was in fact for the general good of humankind.Modern deontologists focus more attention on individual rights and duties.Tags: Engineering Research PapersPain In Life EssayDystopian Short Story EssaysResearch Paper On AlcoholismProblem Solving For Oil PaintersHardest Decision EssayPreschool Teacher Cover Letter
The Consequentialist would kill the third person because by doing so you minimize the outcome (fewer dead people).
The Deontologist would not kill the third person because it is never right that you should kill anyone, regardless of the outcome.
To make the correct moral choices, one must understand what those moral duties are and what correct rules exist to regulate those duties.
When the deontologist follows his or her duty, he or she is by definition behaving morally.
Thus, if the set of values includes the proviso that it is a sin to lie, then lying is always wrong—even if that results in harm to others.
A deontologist following such strict religious principles would be acting immorally if she or he lied to Nazis about where Jews were hiding.Nevertheless, a correct motivation alone is never a justification for an action in a deontological moral system.It cannot be used as a basis for describing an action as morally correct.It is also not enough to simply believe that something is the correct duty to follow.Duties and obligations must be determined objectively and absolutely, not subjectively.In most deontological systems, moral principles are absolute.In particular, that means that moral principles are completely separate from any consequences which following those principles might have.Deontology (or Deontological Ethics) is the branch of ethics in which people define what is morally right or wrong by the actions themselves, rather than referring to the consequences of those actions, or the character of the person who performs them.The word deontology comes from the Greek roots Deontological moral systems are characterized by a focus upon and strict adherence to independent moral rules or duties.Deontological ethics are thus ethics where the reasons for particular duties have been forgotten, even if things have completely changed.A second criticism is that deontological moral systems do not readily allow for gray areas where the morality of an action is questionable.