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Without receiving feedback, many people find it difficult to maintain a conversation.Again, however, they may vary in different cultural contexts.Adaptors are non-verbal behaviours which either satisfy some physical need.
If one partner frowns, it could be reflected in the other partner’s facial expression.
This ‘mirroring’ indicates interest and approval between people.
For example, the common circular hand movement which accompanies the phrase 'over and over again', or nodding the head in a particular direction when saying 'over there'.
Gestures used to give feedback when conversing are called regulators.
Although normally subconscious, adaptors are more likely to be restrained in public places than in the private world of individuals where they are less likely to be noticed.
Adaptive behaviours often accompany feelings of anxiety or hostility.Body movements can be used to reinforce or emphasise what a person is saying and also offer information about the emotions and attitudes of a person.However, it is also possible for body movements to conflict with what is said.This page is one of two on this issue, and explains the non-verbal communication associated with the body, including body language or body movements, also known as kinesics, posture, and proxemics, or the message given by how close we stand to someone else.Body movements include gestures, posture, head and hand movements or whole body movements.The rest of the information is conveyed non-verbally, by tone of voice, facial expressions, eye-contact, gestures, how we stand, and so on.There are many different types of non-verbal communication.Our page on Non-Verbal Communication explains that non-verbal communication is a vital part of understanding and communication.Some estimates suggest that speech only makes up about 20 to 30% of communication.Examples of 'regulators' include head nods, short sounds such as 'uh-huh', 'mm-mm', and expressions of interest or boredom.Regulators allow the other person to adapt his or her speech to reflect the level of interest or agreement.