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Secondary sources present information secondhand—an example would be a textbook summary of a topic or a article.APA recommends citing primary sources whenever possible, because this allows you to verify the accuracy and completeness of the information yourself rather than rely on someone else to do this for you.Evaluate each source on its own merits for reliability when determining whether to cite it in a paper.
Two of the most common questions are about whether it’s okay to cite websites and whether sources have to have been published within a certain time frame to be cited, such as the last 5 or 10 years.
Let’s set the record straight: Anything that a reader can retrieve, you can cite as a source in an APA Style reference list.
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My students must learn to write papers for college following APA format.
Many scientific, medical, and governmental organizations—such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Institutes of Health, U. Census Bureau, and even the APA—publish reliable information on their websites and social media sites.
How To Write Rhetorical Essay - Apa Non Research Paper
Scientists and research organizations might publish blogs or You Tube videos that are worth citing.Some fields develop faster than others, and even within a field, some information will remain relevant for a long time, whereas other information will become outdated.For example, foundational works may be quite old but still worth citing when you are establishing the context for your own work.Two indicators of reliability are the expertise of the author and the vetting standards of the place of publication.For example, an article written by a researcher and published in a peer-reviewed journal is likely to contain reliable information and thus would make a good source.I recall that, as a student, my instructors were never very consistent in their requirements for the format.For example, some instructors required a cover page if the paper exceeded 5 pages or so, but otherwise preferred a heading like this, even if they said they requested APA format: I encountered other instructors who required a complete cover page, abstract, introduction, and conclusion, in 500 word essays.Secondary sources can be reliable, but it is a best practice of scholarly writing to investigate for yourself if you can.See here and here for more information on primary and secondary sources.If you have further questions about choosing sources for an APA Style paper, leave a comment below.Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.