Anemia Case Study Questions

Anemia Case Study Questions-36
Multiple pregnancy menorrhagia Physical Examination 1. Skin and mucous membranes: Pallor, Jaundice, smooth or beefy tongue, Cheilosis, Koilonychia, Telangiectasia 2. The anemia of chronic disorders is extremely common, and overall is probably more common than any anemia syndrome other than blood loss with consequent iron deficiency. The anemia of chronic disorders is define by the presence of this unique combination of findings.

Multiple pregnancy menorrhagia Physical Examination 1. Skin and mucous membranes: Pallor, Jaundice, smooth or beefy tongue, Cheilosis, Koilonychia, Telangiectasia 2. The anemia of chronic disorders is extremely common, and overall is probably more common than any anemia syndrome other than blood loss with consequent iron deficiency. The anemia of chronic disorders is define by the presence of this unique combination of findings.

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Thus, rapid blood loss, especially if plasma volume decreases rapidly, or brisk hemolysis may result in cardiovascular reaction, including tachycardia, postural hypotension, vasoconstriction in skin and extremities, dyspnea on exertion, and faintness.

Slow developing anemias, such as those resulting from nutritional deficiency, permit gradual expansion of the plasma volume so that increase cardiac output gradually compensates. Fourth is there evidence for nutritional deficiency or malabsorption? Sixth is there evidence for toxic exposure or drug ingestion that could cause bone marrow depression and anemia?

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Signs and symptoms of anemia vary with the rapidity of onset with underlying disease of the cardiovascular system.

Results from one study revealed the capillary microhematocrit to have a sensitivity of 90 percent and a specificity of 44 percent when compared with values obtained from venous blood with an automated cell counter.8 Children and adolescents who have recently immigrated from developing countries should be screened for iron deficiency anemia.9 The answer is A : the USPSTF recommends that high-risk infants be screened for iron deficiency anemia between six to 12 months of age. The case studies and answers to the following questions on screening for iron deficiency anemia among children and adolescents are based on the 1996 recommendations of the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), part of the Put Prevention into Practice program of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), formerly the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research. The evidence on the efficacy of screening for iron deficiency as well as other USPSTF topics will be reviewed over the next four years; therefore, some of the recommendations may change The 1996 recommendations and other information are contained in the “Guide to Clinical Preventive Services,” 2d ed, chapter 22: Screening for Iron Deficiency Anemia, For more information, also consult the “Clinicians Handbook of Preventive Services,” 2d ed, chapter 1: Anemia.

Screening for iron deficiency anemia is not recommended in the general infant population because of low overall prevalence. When is anemia screening of value in detecting iron deficiency? Recent knowledge on iron and folate deficiencies in the world. The guide and handbook can be viewed on the Web site of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Specific journal references cited in the answers are provided in the discussion The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality would like to thank the staff of the Association of Teachers of Preventive Medicine for their contributions during conceptualization and planning stages of this series Copyright © 2000 by the American Academy of Family Physicians. A person viewing it online may make one printout of the material and may use that printout only for his or her personal, non-commercial reference.DNA and Mutations : A case study of the effects of mutation: Sickle cell anemia Sickle cell anemia is a genetic disease with severe symptoms, including pain and anemia.The disease is caused by a mutated version of the gene that helps make hemoglobin — a protein that carries oxygen in red blood cells.If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.and *.are unblocked.Med Page Today has been reporting on a variety of subjects relating to iron deficiency anemia, including the prevalence and causes of anemia.A series of lab tests are run as well as endoscopic examination of the stomach and on the basis of the results she is diagnosed with chronic fundal (atrophic) gastritis and pernicious anemia.If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website.Results from studies of clinical outcomes following iron supplementation among older children have also reported inconsistent findings for cognitive improvements.13 Multiple observational studies have demonstrated an association between iron deficiency anemia and abnormal growth and development, but it is unclear how much of this is directly attributable to iron deficiency rather than to other environmental factors (e.g., poverty, poor nutrition).Significantly better mental and motor development after four months of therapy among high-risk children with hemoglobin levels less than 10.5 g per d L45 has been demonstrated in the largest of controlled trials on the benefits of correcting iron deficiency, although some other studies have produced inconsistent results.Studies of malnourished children in developing countries show enhanced growth and weight gain following iron supplementation.67 However, whether such results can be generalized to the populations in the United States is uncertain.While capillary blood sampling is often preferred because of the ease of collection, venous specimens are more reliable for the detection of iron deficiency anemia.

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