Achievement Gap Thesis

Achievement Gap Thesis-53
We can measure urban decline and labor market discrimination to some extent through quantitative research.Tackling the “oppositional culture” explanation is harder.

We can measure urban decline and labor market discrimination to some extent through quantitative research.

Under these conditions the teachers are reluctant to teach and the students resist learning.” Clark’s research had been cited in the key Supreme Court decision banning state-imposed segregation in public schools, but one suspects on the basis of this quotation that he was already doubtful that desegregation alone would solve the problem of an adequate education for urban blacks.

Not, of course, that desegregation was simple: it turned out to be awfully complicated and has never been substantially achieved in northern and midwestern cities.

The first is the economic decline of northern and midwestern cities, which heightened financial pressures on the schools.

In a word, they simply didn’t have enough money to deal properly with growing numbers of poor and black students.

The head of the Chicago Teachers College said in 1940, the black “is warned to beware of the white man and many of his attitudes…are colored by this caution.

Teachers ‘pick on him’ not because he misbehaves but because he is black.… Every teacher…knows that the first reaction of a Negro when she threatens to punish him is to say, ‘The law won’t let you hit me.’” All this is long before the civil rights revolution of the 1950s and 1960s and the expansion of the rights of school children.Her research into the Chicago schools leads her to three theories of her own.First is the growth of segregation in the Chicago schools.The second is racial barriers to employment in the North, “more subtle but no less real” than in the South.The third possibility is the rise of an “oppositional culture,” in which “academic effort [was framed] as a betrayal of racial identity—‘acting white.’” On the issue of resources, she documents rising expenditure for the schools (in 1980 dollars) during this entire period; rising salaries for teachers, particularly in the 1950s; and declining numbers of students per teacher.She writes that “the public schools lost legitimacy in the eyes of the black community.” The second is the failure of vocational education to do much for black children.Vocational education began as an effort to connect to the world of work those children not headed for college, but in time it diverged between a higher track that afforded training that led to jobs, and a lower track that was simply an alternative to expected academic failure.Access to the top tier required at least basic numerical and language skills.She writes that vocational education “offers one example of how black students could be disadvantaged by policies that were ostensibly race neutral.” One reason blacks were denied the upper tier was that discriminatory trade unions would prevent them from using the skills they learned.Neckerman points to the opportunities in the public sector and the civil service, where there was much less discrimination, and in the independent professions, namely law, medicine, dentistry, and the clergy, which “offered a chance to avoid some of the discrimination that private-sector employees faced,” and all of which required education.She does not dispute the widespread degree and depth of discrimination, but holds that in this situation education offered some advantage, some hope: “The economic returns to education…was [sic] similar for black and immigrant workers.” Yet the gap in taking advantage of educational opportunities grew.


Comments Achievement Gap Thesis

  • Closing The Achievement Gap Education Essay

    This achievement gap is a clear issue of racism and the effects of the power of the privilege. Educational institutions, educators, and policymakers face genuine lack of understanding creating and developing schools that can cope up with the context of a diversified society.…

  • The Achievement Gap from the Student's Perspective

    About the achievement gap are almost always broken down by race of students. “Most of the underachievers students with low effort, students with low grades, students with the poorest work ethic, and students with the lowest academic achievement are African American males” Ford, Grantham, & Whiting, 2008, p.234.…

  • Student Academic Engagement and the Academic Achievement Gap between.

    Student Academic Engagement and the Academic Achievement Gap between Black and White Middle School Students Does Engagement Increase Student Achievement? A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED TO THE FACULTY OF THE GRDUATE SCHOOL OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA BY Renee Sbrocco IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF DOCTOR OF EDUCATION…

  • Research Paper - Closing the Achievement Gap

    One problem that is prominent is the achievement gap between minorities and whites. Statistics prove that there is a correlation between racial minorities, impoverished people, and low-achieving scores on standardized tests--this problem cannot be ignored or else the education system will fail Campbell.…


    Motivation and academic achievement. The purpose of this study was discussed and the research question and hypotheses were detailed. The limitations and delimitations were stated and terms were defined. Chapter II provides a review of the literature and discusses relationships between parental involvement and student achievement.…

  • A Study of the Impact of Socioeconomic Status on Student Achievement in.

    The achievement gap is a notoriously debated yet widely accepted educational term that refers to the inequality of academic performance among groups of students Barton, 2003. According to Gamoran 2007, this inequality is one of the most significant problems faced by…

  • Achievement Gap thesis - Ms. Bennett - Google Sites

    During my senior year at Quinnipiac University I was required to write a senior thesis. The topic that I chose to write about was the achievement gap in education. I’ve always been very interested in researching information regarding the education gap and found this to be the perfect opportunity to do that.…

  • The Achievement Gap free essay sample - New York Essays

    The achievement gap is an extremely nuanced and complicated issue that would be impossible to break down completely, but the underlying and overwhelming factor causing the achievement gap is money. Economic disadvantage produces a number of factors that create an achievement gap.…

  • Closing the Achievement Gap in Elementary Schools A Policy Advocacy.

    The achievement gap I am referring to is the disparity that exists today between the academic achievement of students in low-income areas and minority students, including English Language Learners and the other more advantaged students.…

  • Impact of Reading Ability on Academic Performance at the Primary Level

    Funded. Logically, as the achievement gap grows larger, the odds of students closing it become increasingly less likely. Schools must take action early, but a full scale RtI program that can target students' needs in multiple subject areas is expensive. For school sites where funding is…

The Latest from ©